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  6th chapter : Italian Survival Guide
  6 Introduction
  6.1 Personal pronouns in Italian
  6.2 Conjugation in the present tense
  6.3 Conjugation of modal verbs
  6.4 Conjugation of auxiliary verbs
  6.5 Formation of the participle and the past perfect
  6.6 Irregular formation of the participles
  6.7 Formation of the perfect tense
  6.8 Negation in Italian
  6.9 Personal pronouns in nominative, dative (indirect object) and accusative (direct object)
  6.9.1 Nominative, genitive, dative and accusative
  6.9.2 Relationship between objects (if these objects are not personal pronouns) - nominative
  6.9.2 Relationship between objects (if these objects are not personal pronouns) - genitive and accusative
  6.9.3 Relationship between objects (if these objects are personal pronouns)
  6.9.3 Relationship between objects (if these objects are personal pronouns) 2
  6.9.4 The partitive article
     
  6.10 Simple past
  6.10.1 The English simple past
  6.10.2 Use of the imperfetto in Italian
  6.10.3 Formation of the imperfetto in Italian
     
  6.11 Vocabulary:  1  |  |  | 
  6.12 Exercise
  6.12.1 Exercise 1: conjugation in present tense
  6.12.2 Exercise 2: conjugation of the modal verbs in the present tense
  6.12.3 Exercise 3: to have and to be
  6.12.4 Exercise 4: past participle
  6.12.5 Exercise 5: past participle II
  6.12.6 Exercise 6: formation of the perfect
  6.12.7 Exercise 7: negation
  6.12.8 Exercise 8: formation of the perfect II
  6.12.9 Exercise 9: flexion of the participle
  6.12.10  Exercise 10: declension in Italian
  6.12.11 Exercise 11: declension in Italian II
  6.12.12 Exercise 12: polite form
  6.12.13 Exercise 13: partitive article and genitive
  6.12.14 Exercise 14: the simple past
  6.12.15 Exercise 15: the Italian imperfetto

 
  7th chapter : Pronouns and indefinita
7.1 Personal pronouns
  7.1 Personal pronouns 2
  7.1.1 Position of the pronoun in relationship to the predicate
  7.1.2 Position and changing of forms if there are several pronouns
     
  7.2 The personal pronouns ci and ne
  7.2.1 Pronominal adverb ci
  7.2.1

Pronominal adverb ci 2

  7.2.2 Pronominal adverb ne
     
  7.3 Reflexive pronoun
  7.3.1 Reflexive pronoun in Italian
  7.3.2 Conjugation with the reflexive pronoun
  7.3.3 Reflexive pronoun with modal verbs
     
  7.4 Summary of the conjugation with essere and avere
     
  7.5 Il si passivante
     
  7.6 Position of the personal pronouns and personal adverbs
  7.6.1 Position of the "si" as reflexive pronoun and as a part of the si pasivante
  7.6.1 Position of the "si" as reflexive pronoun and as part of the si pasivante 2
  7.6.2 Position of the pronoun it there is an infinitive
     
  7.7 Prepositional pronouns
  7.7.1 Formation of the prepositional pronouns
  7.7.2 Redundand personal pronouns
  7.7.3 Personal pronoun lo
     
  7.8 Demonstrative pronoun
  7.8.1 Forms of the demonstrative pronouns
  7.8.1.1 Demonstrative pronouns used as an adjective
  7.8.1.2 Demonstrative pronouns used as a noun
  7.8.1.3 The demonstrative pronoun quello
     
  7.9 Indefinita
  7.9.1 Indefinita describing that anybody can be the executor or the goal of an action
  7.9.1.1 Ogni = jeder vs. tutti / tutte = all
  7.9.1.1 Ogni = jeder vs. tutti / tutte = all 2
  7.9.1.2 Ogni = jeder vs. qualsiasi = anybody
  7.9.1.3 Ognuno, chiunque, ciascuno
  7.9.1.4 Alcuno and qualche (= manche)
  7.9.1.5 Qualunque vs. qualsiasi (= everyone, everybody)
  7.9.1.6 Alcuno, chiunque, ognuno, ciasuno, qualcuno in comparison
  7.9.2 Altro, altra, altri, altre (= others)
  7.9.3 Molto, molta, molti, molte (= a lot of)
  7.9.4 Tutto, tutto, tutte, tutti (= all)
  7.9.5 Poco, poca, pochi, poche (= few)
  7.9.6 Qualcosa (= some)
  7.9.7 Troppo, troppa, troppe, troppi (= too, too much)
  7.9.8 Nessuno, nessuna (= nobody)
  7.9.9 Niente (= nothing)
     
  7.10 Exercises
  7.10.1 Exercise 1: Choose the correct personal pronoun
  7.10.2 Exercise 2: Translate these sentences
  7.10.3 Exercise 3: Translate the following sentences
  7.10.4 Exercise 4: ce / ne
  7.10.5 Exercise 5:  Choose the correct pronoun
  7.10.6 Exercise 6: Translate these sentences, add the personal pronoun to the infinitive
  7.10.7 Exercise 7: Substitute the two objects with a pronoun
  7.10.8 Exercise 8: Answer the following questions with a pronominal adverb (ci / ne)
  7.10.9 Exercise 9: Pronominal adverb and personal pronoun
  7.10.10 Exercise 10: Reflexive pronouns
  7.10.11 Exercise 11: Conjugation in the passato prossimo (reflexive and non reflexive verbs)
  7.10.12 Exercise 12: Translate these sentences and name the rules
  7.10.13 Exercise 13: The English one
  7.10.14 Exercise 14: Define in the following sentences the function of the ci and translate the sentences
  7.10.15 Exercise 15: Prepositional pronouns
  7.10.16 Exercise 16: Redundant pronouns
  7.10.17 Exercise 17: Referencing an idea with lo
  7.10.18 Exercise 18: Demonstrative pronoun questo (this) and quello (that)
  7.10.19 Exercise 19: Tndefinite pronoun
  7.10.20 Exercise 20: Tutto


  8th chapter : Relative clauses
  8.1 What are relative clauses?
  8.1.1 Criteria to appraise relative clauses
  8.2 Relative pronouns and relative adverbs
  8.2.1 Relative pronouns which reference an idea
  8.2.1.1 Relative pronouns with and without prepositions
  8.2.1.2 Relativpronouns che
  8.2.1.2.1 Relative pronoun che to reference nouns
  8.2.1.2.2 Relative pronouns che can be substituted
  8.2.1.2.3 Relative pronoun che references pronouns and indefinita
  8.2.2 Referencing ideas
  8.2.3 Referencing of the indefinita tutto, niente, molto and qualche cosa
  8.2.4 Che as a relative pronoun and a conjunction
  8.2.5 Relative pronoun il quale, la quale, i quali, le quale
  8.2.6 Ció che, chello che
  8.2.7 Summary if there is no prepositions involved
     
  8.3 Relative pronouns if a preposition is involved
  8.3.1 Il quale, la quale, i quali, le quale
  8.3.2 Referncing tutto, niente, molto mit prepositions
  8.3.3 Preposition + what
  8.3.4 Il cui, la cui, i cui, le cui
  8.3.5 Summary: relative pronouns with and without prepostions
     
  8.4 Exercises
  8.4.1 Exercise 1: Extended and restrictive relative clause
  8.4.2 Exercise 2: Relative pronouns and relative adverbs
  8.4.3 Exercise 3: Relative pronouns



  9th chapter : The tenses
9.1 Preface
  9.2 The tense system in English
  9.2.1 Preface
  9.2.2 Perfect <=> simple past
  9.2.3 Past tense
     
  9.3 The tenses in Italian
  9.3.1 The formation of the past tenses in Italian
  9.3.1.1 The formation of the passato prossimo
  9.3.1.1.1 Conjugation if there is an auxiliary verb involved
  9.3.1.1.2 Agreement of the participle in genus and number with the direct object
  9.3.1.2 Formation of the imperfetto and the trapassato prossimo
  9.3.1.3 Formation of the passato remoto
  9.3.1.3 Formation of the passato remoto 2
  9.3.1.4 Summary of some frequent verbs in passato remoto
     
  9.3.2 Summary of the Italian tense system
     
  9.4.1 Exercise 1: Decide whether the passato remoto or the imperfetto must be used
  9.4.2 Exercise 2: Decide whether the passato remoto or the passato prossimo must be used
  9.4.3 Exercise 3: Decide whether the imperfetto, passato remoto or passato prossimo must be used
  9.4.4 Exercise 4: Conjugate these verbs in passato remoto (all of them are irregular)
  9.4.5 Exercise 5: Conjugate these verbs in all tenses of the past (all regular)
  9.4.6 Exercise 6: Decide in the following sentences whether essere or avere must be used

 

  10th chapter : The congiuntivo
  10.1 Introduction - congiuntivo
  10.2 The subjunctive in English
  10.2.1 Conjunctive and indirect speech
  10.2.2

Conjunctive after verbs, constructions and idiomatic expressions which expresses desire, hope, irreality or intention
  10.2.3 Conjunctive with irreality
  10.2.4 Conjunctive I with certain idiomatic expressions
  10.2.5 Summary
     
  10.3 Congiuntivo in Italian
  10.3.1 Formation of the congiuntivo
  10.3.1 Formation of the congiuntivo 2
  10.3.2 Formation of the congiuntivo imperfetto
  10.3.2 Formation of the congiuntivo imperfetto 2
  10.3.3 Formation of the congiuntivo passato
  10.3.4 Formation of the congiuntivo trapassato
     
  10.3.5 Use of the congiuntivo
  10.3.5.1 Congiuntivo after verbs which express fear, desire, hope, order etc.
  10.3.5.1 Congiuntivo after verbs which express fear, desire, hope, order etc. 2
  10.3.5.2 Conjunctions which requires the congiuntivo
  10.3.5.2 Conjunctions which requires the congiuntivo 2
  10.3.5.3 Congiuntivo after certain indefinita
  10.3.5.4 Congiuntivo in relative clauses
  10.3.5.5 Which tense of the congiuntivo?
  10.3.5.5 Which tense of the congiuntivo? 2
  10.3.5.5 Which tense of the congiuntivo? 3
  10.3.5.6 No congiuntivo if the main clause and the subordinate clause share their subject
     
  10.4.1 Exercise 1: Conjugate these verbs in presente and in congiuntivo presente
  10.4.2 Exercise 2: Conjugate these verbs in imperfetto and in congiuntivo imperfetto
  10.4.3 Exercise 3: Conjugate these verbs in passato prossimo and in congiuntivo prossimo
  10.4.4 Exercise 4: Conjugate these verbs in trapassato prossimo and in congiuntivo trapassato
  10.4.5 Exercise 5: Conjugate these verbs in congiuntivo presente, congiuntivo imperfetto, congiuntivo                 prossimo and congiuntivo trapassato
  10.4.6 Exercise 6: Decide in the following sentences whether the indicativo or the congiuntivo must be                 used
  10.4.7 Exercise 7: Choose the correct tenses in order to maintain the order on the time line
  10.4.8 Exercise 8: Choose the correct verb form
  10.4.9 Exercise 9: Select the correct verb form
  10.4.10 Exercise 10: Distinction between the congiuntivo prossimo and the congiuntivo presente

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