table of content
chapter : 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 | 16-20 | 21-23

 annotations
annotation 1:
Videos
  annotation 2: Didactic meaning of the zips
annotation 3: Pages with this sign contain videos
 
 1st chapter : Introduction
1
Introduction
 
 2nd chapter : Pronunciation
2 Pronunciation
  2.1 Vowels and consonants
  2.2 The clear 'a'
  2.3 Groups of vowels 'ae', 'ao', 'ai', 'au'
  2.4 The 'b'
  2.5 The 'c'
  2.6 The 'g'
  2.6.1 voiced and voiceless sounds (difference between gi / ge und ci / ce)
  2.7 The 'e'
  2.7.1 The open e
  2.7.2 The closed e
  2.8 Groups of vowels 'eo', 'ei', 'eu'
  2.9 The phonem 'gli'
  2.10 'glo', 'gla', gle' and 'gli' at the beginning of a word
  2.11 The phonem 'gn'
  2.12 The 'h'
  2.13 Groups of vowels 'ia', ie, 'io', 'iu'
  2.14 The 'p'
  2.15 The 'qu'
  2.16 The rolled 'r'
2.16.1 Exercises and explications about the 'r'
  2.17 The 'o'
  2.17.1 Open and closed o in the phonetical transcription
  2.18 Voiced and voiceless 's'
  2.19 The groups of vowels 'ua', 'ue', 'uo', 'ui'
  2.20 The 'v'
  2.21 The 'w'
  2.22    The 'x'
  2.23 The 'y'
  2.24 The 'z'
  2.25 Double consonants
  2.26 Sound stress
  2.26.1 Examples for words having the stress on the befor last syllable
  2.26.2 Marking the stress with an accent
  2.27 The accent as a non diacritical sign
  2.28 Summary
  2.28.1 Summary: the c and g form a combination with the following vowel
  2.28.2 Summary: the closed e and the open e / gli-glo / h / k / rolled r
  2.28.3 Summary: the closed o and the open / voiced voiceless s/v/w/x/y
  2.28.4 Summary: double consonants
  2.28.5 Summary: stressed syllable
  2.29 Vocabulary: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10
     
  2.30 Exercise: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
    Decide in the following pairs which sentence is pronounced correctly

 

 3rd chapter : article
  3 What is an article?
  3.1 Definite article
  3.1.1 Forms of the definite article
  3.1.2 The use of the definite article
  3.1.2.1
Definite article before possessive pronouns
  3.1.2.1 Definite article before possessive pronouns 2
  3.1.2.2 Other differences in the use of the article
     
  3.2 Indefinite article
  3.2.1 Forms of the indefinite article
  3.2.2 Combination of preposition and article



 4th chapter : Formation of the plural
4.1 Flural, introduction
  4.2 Unchangeable nouns
  4.3 Words ending on -ista
  4.4 Change of the genus in plural
  4.5 Words ending in -cio, gio, -glio
  4.6 Words ending on -co / -go which are stressed on the before last syllable
  4.7 Words ending on -co / -go which are stressed on the third last syllable
  4.8 Masculine words which ends on -a
  4.9 Feminine words which ends on -o

 

 5th chapter : Formation of the feminine form of nouns and adjectives
  5.1 Introduction
  5.2 Formation of the feminine form of nouns
  5.2.1 Formation with -a / -o
  5.2.2 Formation with -e / -a
  5.2.3 Formation with -e / -essa
  5.2.4 The masculine form is completely different from the feminine form
  5.2.5 The feminine form describes a man
  5.2.6 Formation with -tore / -trice
  5.2.7 Nouns which don' t distinguish between masculine and feminine
     
  5.3 Formation of the feminine forms of adjectives
  5.3.1 Formation with -a / -o
  5.3.2 Adjectives which don' t distinguish between masculine and feminine (-e / -a)
  5.3.3 Adjektives which always end in -a
  5.3.4 Unchangeable adjectives
     
  5.4 Different flexion of the noun and the adjectives
     
  5.5 Exercises
  5.5.1 Exercise 1: definite article
  5.5.2 Exercise 2: indefinite article
  5.5.3 Exercise 3: formation of the plural
  5.5.4 Exercise 4: formation of the feminine form
  5.5.5 Exercise 5: adjective and plural
  5.5.6 Exercise 6: indefinite article II
  5.5.7 Exercise 7: select the correct option


table of content
chapter : 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 | 16-20 | 21-23